What is a Permanent Residence?

Permanent residence In Canada is a right that grants anyone who is not Canadian citizenship the privilege to reside and work within Canada without a time limitation for their time in Canada. To become a permanent residence, an individual from outside the country must apply for Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada (IRCC), which was previously called Citizenship and Immigration Canada, in one of the programs. Apart from the right to reside in Canada, The main benefit of permanent residence is the possibility of obtaining Canadian citizenship following a specific duration of permanent residence.

How does permanent residency works?

Permanent residents have similar rights as well obligations as an Canadian citizen, such as the right to reside and work (subject to some limitations) as well as take classes in any territory or province of Canada. Permanent residents are eligible for numerous of the advantages that Canadian citizens enjoy, for example, becoming contributors to Canada Pension Plan Canada Pension Plan and receiving benefits from the province or territory’s universal health system. Permanent residents can enjoy the rights as well as freedoms and protections guaranteed by the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms in addition to the rights only granted to citizens.

Permanent residents are eligible to make an application in order to obtain Canadian citizenship after they have lived for a period of time in Canada for a specific duration of time. At present, applicants must have lived in Canada as permanent residents for a period of three months (1095 days) in the five years prior to the application (with the possibility of one year preceding being a permanent resident). They are also able to sponsor relatives to obtain permanent residence, provided they meet requirements for residence and supporting requirements.

You are not allowed to

  • Vote or run for political office,
  • Hold jobs that require a high-level security clearance.

How do I become a Permanent Resident of Canada?

There are multiple routes through which you can obtain a Canadian PR. Each route represents a legal means to obtain PR status.

  • Express Entry
  • Provincial Nominee Programs
  • Federal Skilled Workers Program
  • Federal Skilled Trades Program
  • Canada Experience Class 
  • Quebec Experience Program
  • Atlantic Immigration Pilot Program
  • Rural and Northern Immigration Pilot
  • Agri-Food Immigration Pilot
  • Caregiver Pathways to Permanent Residence

Applying for Permanent Residence in Canada

The applicant can be Permanent Resident through a process from outside Canada or within Canada. Although there is an “Application Status” web-based application found on IRCC website shows this with distinct processing dates, distinctions and the implications for the applicant aren’t clearly defined.

  • An application made by someone who is temporary, such as an “Spouse or Common law partner within Canada”, “Live-in caregiver”, “protected person” or “permit holders” who is a resident of Canada is known as an “Within Canada” (or “inland”) application.
  • Other applications include “Outside Canada” (or “outland”) applications that are processed by visa offices located outside Canada.

The processing time is announced every week at the IRCC website.